Yes, this blog post had to come. After two weeks of lurking and reading I was inspired to finally formalise my thoughts on Pokémon GO and what that means for museums. Is it just a fad? An annoyance (for those mums, like me, with sons who were obsessed in the early 2000s)? A game changer? Or something else??
We know from many years of audience research that museums are primarily social experiences (Kelly, 2013), and one of the strengths of games such as Pokémon GO is their social facilitation. As noted by Brown (2016):
“Pokémon Go is a social game – it thrives on interaction. For example, outside of the office where I work is a Pokestop. Yesterday there was a group of six people outside, swiping away as they tried to claim the hidden items inside. After talking to them I found out these people didn’t know each other and in fact Pokémon had brought them together. Six complete strangers were now friends as they discussed tactics and where they found their rare Pokémon.”
Virtual reality (or augmented reality) was identified in the most recent NMC Horizons report as one of the key technologies for education in museums, with an adoption framework of the next two-three years: “Museums realise that audience expectations are evolving and many people have already begun to embrace VR as an opportunity to experiment with new methods for engagement.” (Johnson, et al, 2016, p.42). This is made even more possible as 360 degree cameras are getting cheaper and the software needed to edit and create VR is easier to use and more widely accessible: “YouTube, Steam, and Facebook are just a few of the platforms that currently support VR, giving content producers the key ingredients to facilitate an accessible ecosystem for VR development.” (Johnson, et al, 2016, p.42).
We also know from many years of trying to keep up with the latest in technology and up-skilling staff that it is a never-ending battle to either get them interested or comfortable, and maybe easy games that tap into pop culture, such as Pokémon GO, can be a practical way of achieving this:
“… there is another layer to the game. For a vast majority of players, Pokémon GO is their first exposure to an augmented reality experience. … The game will cause AR experiences to blossom and will open the door to devices (like better versions of Google Glass) that will serve up AR to average people already comfortable with it via the game.” (MacPhail, 2016).
A recent Sydney Morning Herald article, The best augmented reality apps that aren’t Pokémon GO, listed a number of other useful, interesting and easily available AR applications. The one that stood out for me was IKEA – not just as a fun home décor app, but with potential application in designing museum exhibitions and other physical spaces which could be then tested to see whether they will work for visitors, not only saving considerable time and money, but providing better social learning experiences for visitors.
To answer my original question, I think Pokémon GO is the ‘something else’ – the intersection of the digital and physical via gamification (also a key trend identified in the Horizons reports) through using a popular game to have deeper conversations within our institutions about technology, audience and possibilities. As my colleague @jim_croft observed on Facebook:
“This is where it starts to get interesting … imagine being able to point your phone at part of an artwork or cultural object or scientific specimen and have that part elaborated and explained. Or having a landscape or streetscape annotated, crowdsourced Wikipedia style.”
So, off you go – Gotta catch ‘em all (or, if you’re Apple Gotta catch some cash)!
- Brown, C. (July 2016). Guest blog from a Pokémon Go addict. @MarDixon blog
- Freeman, A., Adams Becker, S., Cummins, M., McKelroy, E., Giesinger, C., Yuhnke, B. (2016). NMC Horizon Report: 2016 Museum Edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.
- Kelly, L. (2013). The Connected Museum in the World of Social Media. In K. Drotner and K. Schroder Museum Communication and Social Media: The connected museum (pp54-71). Routledge: London.
- MacPhail, W. (2016). Gotta catch ’em all: The deep layers of Pokémon GO. Rabble.ca.
- Nield, D. (2016). The best augmented reality apps that aren’t Pokémon GO. Sydney Morning Herald.
VR / AR in museums readings
- A Look at the Museum of the Future. The Wall Street Journal.
- Increasing Accessibility Through Virtual Reality: A Look AT VR’s Therapeutic Potential. Arts Management and Technology Laboratory.
- Is There a Place for Pokémon Go in History Museums? American Association for State and Local History.
- KSpace Augmented Reality Trail App. National Museum of Australia.
- Pokémon GO in Museums: Gotta visit ’em all. MuseumHack
- Terrorism Destroyed This Museum – But VR Has Brought it Back to Life. TechRadar.
- Thian, C. (2011). Augmented Reality—What Reality Can We Learn From It? Museums and the Web, San Diego, 2012.
- Virtual Reality And The Future Of Museum Tours: Using Oculus Rift To Dream With Disney And Dalí. TechTimes.
- Williamson, B. (2016). Pokémon Go technology brings 1800s artworks to life for augmented reality experience. ABC News, Adelaide.